Background

October 27 is the darkest day in the history of Jammu and Kashmir and the Kashmiris living on both sides of the Line of Control and across the world observe it as Black Day. This is the day, when, in 1947, India sent its armed forces to Jammu and Kashmir and occupied it in total violation of the Indian Independence Act and Partition Plan and against the aspirations of the Kashmiri people.

According to the Partition Plan of June 3, 1947, passed by the British parliament on July 18, the same year, the Indian British Colony was to be divided into two sovereign states. The Hindu-majority areas were to constitute India while the Muslim-majority areas of Western provinces and east Bengal were to be included in Pakistan. At the end of British suzerainty over Indian sub-continent in 1947, more than 550 Princely States had become independent but with a choice to accede either to Pakistan or India. However, India illegally occupied Hyderabad, Junagarh and Kashmir by military invasions. Being a Muslim-majority state, with 87% Muslim population, Jammu and Kashmir had a natural tendency to accede to Pakistan, but the evil designs of its Hindu ruler and the leaders of Indian National Congress and Britain paved way to destroy the future of the people of the territory. »

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By: Murtaza Shibli

Twenty-four years ago, on the 22nd of October, 1993, Bijbehara, my hometown, was struck by a vicious massacre that killed scores of peaceful protesters who were demanding revocation of the military siege of the famous shrine, Dargah Hazratbal.

According to the state government’s own magisterial enquiry report, “a procession of 2,000 to 3,000 people” that was “entirely peaceful and unarmed” was attacked by the paramilitary Border Security Force (BSF). The report establishes “beyond any shadow of doubt that [the] firing upon the procession was absolutely unprovoked” and found that the paramilitary force “committed offence out of vengeance and their barbarous act … [was] deliberate and well-planned”. »

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19th July is of special significance in the history of Jammu and Kashmir. On this day in 1947, genuine representatives of majority of Kashmiris unanimously passed the resolution of Kashmir’s Accession to Pakistan during a meeting of the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference at the residence of Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan in Aabi Guzar area of Srinagar. »

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Dr Ghulam Nabi Fai

Kashmir is internationally recognized as a disputed territory whose final status is yet to be determined by the people. Both India and Pakistan have nuclear weapons and have fought three wars during the past half-century. This is a matter that urgently needs to be put on a road to find a just and viable solution. »

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Dr Ghulam Nabi Fai

Washington, July 21 (KMS): Kashmir is internationally recognized as a disputed territory whose final status is yet to be determined by the people. Both India and Pakistan have nuclear weapons and have fought three wars during the past half-century. This is a matter that urgently needs to be put on a road to find a just and viable solution.

The heart of the matter is that Kashmir is an occupied country. Its sovereignty and right to self-determination is being ignored. India insists that this state, which is nestled in the Himalayas between Pakistan and India, is an integral part of India and refuses to negotiate in any manner with the people of Kashmir or with Pakistan. The claim is rejected not only by the people of Kashmir but also by the international community. »

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India claims to have signed an instrument of accession with former Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir but its statement is controversial. The fact is that Maharaja of Kashmir sought Indian military support against the popular insurgency in Kashmir. Despite the use of military power by India to crush this popular revolt, the Kashmiri people didn’t surrender politically. It was certainly and clearly an illegal and forcible occupation of a sizable part of the State of Jammu and Kashmir by India, therefore, the people of Kashmir and Pakistan never accepted New Delhi’s false claim over Jammu and Kashmir. »

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